USAR Initial Strategies - a reminder

18 Feb 2016 12:25 PM | Anonymous
Here's our reminderof tips and guidelines for USAR INCIDENTS: Initial Actions




URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE (USAR)

for Collapsed Structures 

INITIAL ACTION STRATEGIES

SAFETY & CISM
Remember the scene may be chaotics and emotional. Prepare yourself and your team for what they may see and experience and remember to debrief the incident especially if there are many suffering, children injured or even one dead body or suffering, etc. CISD / CISM (Critical Incident Stress Debrief / Management) should be factored into your post op mission plan. PTSD can occur after some situartions like this. 

Monitor your team and do your 'Buddy Check' operationally, physically and emotionally. Rescue teams don't work less than in pairs.

COMMUNICATION: PUBLIC & MEDIA
Also remembert that there may be public and media so be careful of what you think and say aloud. You are human in a professional capacity.  You may also have information that the public and media do not know. Don't be loose with your comments and be careful who may hear them. Construct your reporting in a helpful way. Avoid ever saying "No Comment" - instead suggest you will get back wioth the answer or point to a time or the authority who may have such answers.

OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS INCLUDE
As an Emergency Responder / First Responder / Rescuer - your 'first on scene operational considerations should include the following:

Assume Command until relieved

Keep Span of Control at 5 or less

Identify urgent hazards & share

Secure / cordon site

Size up scene / DRA*

Implement Incident Management

Set up coms systems & message

Send SITREP to control **

Request specialist assistance

Use Aide Memories and FOGs (Field Ops Guides)

Perform “R-E-P-E-A-T” ***

Start Recon & Shut off Utilities

Constantly gather information

Limit supervisory staff in logistics

Centralise logistics

Use an inventory control system

Determine the length of the incident

Plan logistics, personnel & welfare

Constantly evaluate & Communicate


PHOTO SOURCE

Gary Foo and Dr Nicola Cullum of ERT SAR at the Haiti Earthquake Port-au-Prince: Feb 2010

Performing USAR & Medical Rescue Operations with ERT SAR coordinated by INSARAG, United Nations


LEGEND:

* Dynamic Risk Assessments in a continually changing environment

** Situation Report

*** REPEAT is a known USAR acronym we will cover again but includes Reconnaissance Elimination of utilities Primary surface search Exploration of voids Access by selected debris removal Terminate by general debris removal


Based on established USAR protocols

Reference: NFPA, FEMA, NSW USAR TF, UN INSARAG

Thank you to DIMERSAR and The New South Wales & Australian Capital Territory Fire Services


CONTACT: HQ@ert-sar.com          (c) Copyright 2013 ERT Search and Rescue   * MANAGEMENT * LOGISTICS * SEARCH * RESCUE * MEDICAL  *
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